New To League/Gameplay/Unit Attributes

From Leaguepedia | League of Legends Esports Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Complete List of Stats

Offense Stats Defense Stats Utility Stats
AP Mini Icon.png Ability Power Health Mini Icon.png Health MovementSpeed Mini Icon.png Movement Speed
MagicPen Mini Icon.png Magic Penetration HealthRegen Mini Icon.png Health Regeneration CDR Mini Icon.png Cooldown Reduction (CDR)
AttackDamage Mini Icon.png Attack Damage Armor Mini Icon.png Armor Mana Mini Icon.png Mana
ArmorPen Mini Icon.png Lethality MagicResist Mini Icon.png Magic Resist ManaRegen Mini Icon.png Mana Regeneration
AttackSpeed Mini Icon.png Attack Speed Tenacity Mini Icon.png Tenacity* Energy Mini Icon.png Energy
CriticalStrike Mini Icon.png Critical Strike Chance EnergyRegen Mini Icon.png Energy Regeneration
Critical Strike Damage Gold Generation*
Lifesteal Mini Icon.png Life Steal Champion-Specific Resources
SpellVamp Mini Icon.png Spell Vamp Range Mini Icon.png Attack Range
* Links away from this page (but still within New To League).

Offense Stats

Basic Attack Modifiers

Remember, every unit in the game except inhibitors and the Nexus has a basic attack (or autoattack or AA). The strength of these attacks is governed by a few factors:

  • AD . Short for Attack Damage, this is the amount of base damage that one basic attack will deal (before armor is calculated).
  • AS . Short for Attack Speed, this is the rate at which the unit is able to autoattack. This will almost always be between twice per second and once per two seconds.
  • Crit Chance . Short for Critical Strike Chance, this is a bit more complicated. Certain items can allow a champion's basic attacks to have a chance to crit. If an autoattack crits, it deals twice as much damage as a normal autoattack would.
  • Lethality . This stat causes the target's armor to reduce less physical damage than it otherwise would.

There are a lot of items that are geared towards increasing the strength of a champion's autoattacks. For a list of some of the main ones, see here (section: Common AD Carry Items).

Range

Attack Range is a stat that cannot be changed by purchasing items. Each unit with an autoattack has a set attack range. Some units are melee, meaning that they have to be adjacent to another unit to attack it, while some are ranged, meaning that their attacks are projectiles that can travel a distance to their targets.

Some common attack ranges:

  • All towers are ranged, with 775 attack range
  • Ranged minions and cannon minions are ranged
  • Melee minions and Super Minions are melee
  • Most AD Carry champions are ranged, and the most common range is 550
  • CaitlynSquare.png Caitlyn, the champion with the longest base range, has 650 range
  • Most tanks are melee

A few champions have variable attack ranges. Read about their individual kits for more information:

Additionally, the item  Rapid Firecannon increases a champion's autoattack range by 150, based on a charge system. Read that item's description for more information.

Spell Modifiers

Most champions have 4 spells that they can cast to make something happen, usually dealing damage. This damage can be affected by a few different stats:

  • AP . Short for Ability Power, this attribute usually makes spells that deal magic damage stronger.
  • AD . Same Attack Damage stat as above, this attribute usually makes spells that deal physical damage stronger, in addition to increasing basic attack strength.
  • Magic Penetration . Abbreviated MPen, this stat causes the target's magic resist to reduce magic damage by less than it otherwise would.
  • Lethality . This stat causes the target's armor to reduce physical damage by less than it otherwise would.
  • CDR . Short for Cooldown Reduction, this stat decreases the cooldown on almost all spells. Cooldown Reduction is capped at 40% for all champions. For more information on CDR, see below.

Health Return

It is possible for an attacker to heal based on the damage that they deal if they have positive (rather than 0) values for certain stats.

  • Life Steal. A percentage of damage dealt by autoattacks is returned to the attacker as increased health. Life steal is very important to AD carries.
  • Spell Vamp. A percentage of damage dealt by spells is returned to the caster as increased health.

Movement Speed

Champions, minions, and neutral minions all have a set speed at which they move, called their "movement speed," or "movespeed" for short. Champions can simulate moving slower by moving, then stopping, then moving again, but their only option for moving is to move at that speed. Some spells and items affect movespeed. For example:

  •  Boots of Speed. These increase the speed at which the champion moves, and can be upgrade into second-level boots that both grant bonus movement speed and also provide secondary effects.
  •  Randuin's Omen. This item can be activated by its owner to slow all enemy units in an area of effect around him.
  • Time Warp.png Time Warp. This spell belongs to ZileanSquare.png Zilean and can be used to give bonus movespeed to an ally or slow an enemy's movement speed.

Any item effect or spell that reduces a unit's movement speed is referred to as a "slow" and is a type of crowd control.

Defense Stats

Health

The primary defense stat is health. All units in the game, including all structures, have health. Health is reduced when damage is taken. When a unit reaches 0 health, it dies, unless there is a special circumstance that interferes (see here).

Health can be restored in a few ways:

  • Regeneration -- Every champion has a rate at which health is passively regenerated (that's one of their base attributes). Some items can affect this, such as  Spirit Visage.
  • Heals -- Spells that restore health are called "heals." Several champions, including NidaleeSquare.png Nidalee, KayleSquare.png Kayle, and SonaSquare.png Sona, have heals as one of their spells.
  • Potions -- Technically, a potion just increases a champion's regeneration, but it's a very significant increase in regeneration over a very short period of time. Potions can be bought in the shop and are consumed upon use.
  • Life steal and spell vamp -- See above.

Armor and Magic Resist

As discussed here, there are three types of damage in League of Legends: physical, magical and true. The amount of physical damage that a champion takes can be reduced by a stat called armor, and the amount of magical damage that a champion takes can be reduced by a stat called magic resist (usually abbreviated to MR). All champions have inherent or "base" armor and magic resist, and certain items can also give armor or magic resist or both. True damage cannot be reduced in any way.

Resources

The frequency with which champions can cast their spells is limited by cooldowns. A cooldown is the minimum amount of time that a player has to wait between casting spells. Most champions also have a second limiting factor, called a resource.

Mana

The majority of champions rely on mana to be able to use abilities. Each ability has a mana cost associated with it, and casting the spell consumes that cost. Mana is regenerated passively over time, and some items give champions bonus mana or mana regeneration, allowing them to cast more spells. Recalling to base and sitting in the well regenerates a champion's mana very rapidly. The amount of mana that a champion has is indicated by a blue bar below their health bar.

Energy

Some champions do not rely on mana. KennenSquare.png Kennen, AkaliSquare.png Akali, Lee SinSquare.png Lee Sin, and ZedSquare.png Zed rely on a resource called energy. Unlike mana, energy pools cannot be increased by purchasing items, but energy regenerates significantly faster than mana; while mana is designed to impose a longterm limit on the number of spells that a champion can cost, energy is intended only to impact the number of spells a champion can cast in the short term. The amount of energy that a champion has is indicated by a yellow bar below their health bar.

Other

A few champions, such as DrMundoSquare.png Dr. Mundo, use health as their ability resource. When Dr. Mundo uses an ability, he loses some health as a cost. Other champions have other forms of resources that are attached to their spells, such as RengarSquare.png Rengar, TryndamereSquare.png Tryndamere, and RenektonSquare.png Renekton. These resources are all unique and can be read about individually; you can tell which champions have special resources because their resource bar will be neither yellow, nor blue, nor empty.

Some champions have no secondary resource governing their ability usage at all and instead only have to pay attention to cooldowns. These champions, as well as champions that have only health costs associated with their spells, will simply have a blank bar below their health bar. Examples include RivenSquare.png Riven, KatarinaSquare.png Katarina, and GarenSquare.png Garen.

Cooldowns

Every ability has a cooldown associated with it. A cooldown is the minimum time that a player must wait after casting a spell once to be allowed to cast it a second time. So if you cast SonaSquare.png Sona's ult, Crescendo.jpg Crescendo, a timer of 140 seconds will start, and you won't be able to cast Crescendo again until that countdown has reached 0. That countdown is the spell's cooldown.

Cooldown Reduction

Cooldowns can be reduced by a stat called cooldown reduction, or CDR for short. Several items provide CDR. Each item that gives CDR gives a percentage CDR. If a champion buys multiple items that give CDR, those percentages will be added together. So for example, if NamiSquare.png Nami buys a  Remnant of the Watchers (gives 10% CDR) and a  Mikael's Crucible (gives 10% CDR), she will have 20% CDR total. A champion's cooldown reduction can never be greater than 40%. You may buy as much cooldown reduction as you want, but your CDR will remain 40%. Selecting the Cosmic Insight rune will increase your cap to 45%, while also giving you 5% CDR, keeping the CDR you can purchase to 40%.

Leveling up a spell also frequently decreases its cooldown. For example, SonaSquare.png Sona's Crescendo.jpg Crescendo has a cooldown of 140s at rank 1, then 120s at rank 2, and 100s at rank 3.

Finally, some champions have special mechanics for reducing their spells' cooldowns. For example, EzrealSquare.png Ezreal gets all of his cooldowns reduced by 1 second every time his MysticShot.jpg Mystic Shot hits a target.

Summoner Spell and Item CDR

Note that all of the above only applies to a champion's four basic abilities, Q, W, E, and R. Summoner spells and some items also have cooldowns, and those cannot be reduced by the CDR stat.

You can only reduce the cooldowns of summoner spells by choosing to run the Unsealed Spellbook keystone rune. You cannot reduce activatable item cooldowns.